How to Increase Fertility in Women & Men

by | Feb 23, 2023 | Fertility

What is Male Infertility:

Male infertility is a medical condition in which a man has difficulty impregnating a fertile female partner despite having regular unprotected sex. It occurs when there is a problem with the quantity or quality of the man’s sperm. Let’s know How to Increase fertility in men.

 

Causes of Male Infertility:

  • Sperm count: The quantity of sperm presence in a semen sample. A low sperm count (oligospermia) is a frequent cause of infertility in male.
  • Sperm motility: The ability of sperm to move and swim in a forward direction. Poor sperm motility (asthenozoospermia) can make it difficult for sperm to reach and fertilize an egg.
  • Sperm morphology: The shape and size of sperm. Abnormal sperm morphology (teratozoospermia) can also make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg.
  • Reproductive tract infections: Infections of the male reproductive system, such as prostatitis, can interfere with sperm production and function.
  • Lifestyle factors: Habits such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and drug use can negatively affect sperm quality and quantity.

 

What is Female Infertility:

Female infertility is the inability of a woman to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term despite having regular unprotected sex. Let’s know how to boost fertility in female.

 

Causes of Female Infertility:

  • Ovulation: The delivery of an egg from the ovaries. Ovulation disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can prevent ovulation from occurring.
  • Endometriosis: A condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus, which can cause scarring and adhesions that interfere with fertility.
  • Fallopian tubes: These tubes connect the ovaries with the uterus. Blockages or damage to the fallopian tubes can prevent eggs from reaching the uterus and sperm from fertilizing the egg.
  • Age-related infertility: As a woman ages, the quality and quantity of her eggs decline, making it more difficult to conceive and carry a pregnancy to term.

Assisted reproductive techniques Methods such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) can help overcome certain types of female infertility. Increasing fertility can involve a combination of lifestyle changes, medical treatments, and seeking guidance from Infertility Specialists. Maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, reducing alcohol and caffeine intake, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep are all lifestyle changes that can improve fertility. Regular check-ups with doctors and considering fertility treatments can also offer additional support to improve fertility. By incorporating these strategies into a healthy lifestyle, couples can significantly increase their chances of conceiving and achieve a healthy pregnancy fast.

10 Tips to Increase Fertility in Women & Men:

  1. Maintain Healthy Weight.
  2. Quit Smoking.
  3. Quit Alcohol & Caffeine.
  4. Exercise Regularly.
  5. Eat A Balanced Diet.
  6. Reduce Stress.
  7. Get Enough Sleep.
  8. Know Your Ovulation Cycle.
  9. Get Regular Check-Ups.
  10. Consider Fertility Treatments.

 

Below is a Detailed Explanation of 10 fertility Tips –

1. Maintain Healthy Weight:

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip - Healthy Weight

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip – Healthy Weight

Maintaining a healthy weight is an essential factor for overall health and well-being. However, it is especially crucial when trying to conceive. Studies have shown that being overweight or underweight can adversely affect fertility in both men and women.

In women, obesity can disrupt the hormonal balance, leading to irregular menstrual cycles and ovulation. It can also increase the risk of developing conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which can further impact fertility. On the other hand, being underweight can lead to low estrogen levels, causing irregular ovulation or even the absence of periods.

In men, being overweight can lead to a decrease in testosterone levels and sperm quality, while being underweight can lead to a decrease in sperm production. Both scenarios can negatively impact fertility.

Maintaining a healthy weight can help improve fertility by promoting regular ovulation in women and healthy sperm production in men. It also reduces the risk of developing complications during pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes and hypertension.

 

2. Quit Smoking:

 

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip- quit smoking

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip – quit smoking

Smoking is one of the most significant and preventable causes of infertility in both men and women. It is well-established that smoking can damage the reproductive system, affect hormone production, and reduce the chances of conception.

In women, smoking can harm the ovaries and reduce the number of eggs available for fertilization. It can also cause problems with the fallopian tubes, leading to ectopic pregnancy or infertility. Additionally, smoking can increase the risk of miscarriage, premature delivery, and low birth weight in babies.

In men, smoking can damage sperm DNA and reduce sperm motility, leading to lower sperm count and decreased fertility. It can also cause erectile dysfunction, which can further reduce the chances of conception.

Quitting smoking is one of the most effective ways to improve fertility. Studies have shown that quitting smoking can increase the chances of conception and improve the success rates of fertility treatments like IVF.

It is never too late to quit smoking, and the benefits of doing so extend beyond fertility. Quitting smoking reduces the risk of developing various health conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, and cancer.

 

3. Quit Alcohol and Caffeine:

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip - quit Alcohol & caffeine

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip – quit Alcohol & caffeine

Cutting down on alcohol and caffeine is essential for Increase Fertility in Women & Men. While moderate alcohol and caffeine consumption may not necessarily cause infertility, excessive consumption can negatively impact fertility.

In women, excessive alcohol consumption can disrupt the hormonal balance, leading to irregular menstrual cycles and ovulation. It can also increase the risk of miscarriage and premature delivery. Similarly, caffeine can interfere with the absorption of iron and folate, essential nutrients for a healthy pregnancy, and can also increase the risk of miscarriage.

In men, excessive alcohol consumption can decrease testosterone levels and sperm quality. Similarly, caffeine can affect sperm motility and reduce the number of sperm produced.

Cutting down on alcohol and caffeine consumption can help increase fertility by restoring hormonal balance and improving the quality and quantity of sperm. It can also reduce the risk of complications during pregnancy and promote a healthy pregnancy.

 

4. Exercise Regularly:

Regular exercise is an important factor in maintaining overall health and well-being. It can also significantly improve fertility in both men and women. Exercise can help regulate hormones, improve blood circulation, and reduce stress levels, all of which can positively impact fertility.

In women, regular exercise can help regulate menstrual cycles and ovulation, reducing the risk of conditions like PCOS, which can negatively affect fertility. Additionally, exercise can improve the quality of eggs and reduce the risk of complications during pregnancy.

In men, regular exercise can improve sperm quality and quantity. It can also reduce the risk of conditions like erectile dysfunction and increase testosterone levels, leading to improved fertility.

However, it is essential to note that excessive exercise or intense workouts can have adverse effects on fertility. Over-exercising can lead to a decrease in estrogen levels in women and a decrease in testosterone levels in men, negatively impacting fertility. Therefore, adopting a moderate exercise routine that includes aerobic and strength training exercises can improve fertility. Consulting a Health Trainer or a fertility specialist can provide additional guidance and support.

 

5. Eat A Balanced Diet:

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip- Balanced diet

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip- Balanced diet

Eating a balanced and nutritious fertility diet is essential for overall health and well-being, and it is particularly important for improving fertility. A diet rich in essential nutrients can positively impact hormonal balance, ovulation, and sperm quality, leading to improved fertility.

In women, a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help regulate menstrual cycles, improve egg quality, and reduce the risk of conditions like PCOS, which can negatively affect fertility. Additionally, consuming foods high in folic acid and iron can reduce the risk of birth defects and promote a healthy pregnancy.

In men, a diet rich in antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, and essential nutrients like zinc and selenium, can improve sperm quality and motility, leading to improved fertility.

However, it is essential to note that excessive consumption of certain foods or the lack of certain nutrients can negatively impact fertility. For instance, consuming high amounts of processed foods and saturated fats can disrupt hormonal balance and reduce fertility. Therefore, adopting a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrient-dense foods can improve fertility. Consulting a healthcare provider or a nutritionist can provide additional guidance and support.

 

6. Reduce Stress:

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip - No stress

Increase Fertility in Women & Men tip – No stress

Reducing stress is essential for Increasing Fertility in Women & Men. High levels of stress can disrupt the hormonal balance, leading to irregular menstrual cycles, decreased sperm quality, and reduced fertility.

In women, stress can lead to a decrease in progesterone levels, which is essential for the implantation and maintenance of pregnancy. Additionally, stress can increase the levels of cortisol, a hormone that can disrupt the menstrual cycle and ovulation. In men, stress can reduce testosterone levels, leading to decreased sperm quality and quantity.

Therefore, reducing stress through various techniques such as meditation, yoga, exercise, and mindfulness can positively impact fertility. These techniques can help reduce the levels of cortisol and improve hormonal balance, leading to improved fertility. It is also essential to note that seeking support from Health Experts or counselling services can further help reduce stress levels and provide additional guidance and support.

Also Read: Foods to Increase Sperm Count and Increase Male Fertility

7. Get Enough Sleep:

Getting enough sleep is essential for overall health and well-being, and it is particularly important for improving fertility. Sleep is essential for regulating hormone levels, and lack of sleep can negatively impact fertility in both men and women.

In women, lack of sleep can disrupt the menstrual cycle and lead to irregular ovulation, decreasing the chances of conceiving. Additionally, sleep deprivation can lead to an increase in cortisol levels, which can negatively impact fertility. In men, lack of sleep can reduce testosterone levels, leading to decreased sperm quality and quantity.

Therefore, getting enough sleep, ideally 7-8 hours per night, can improve fertility. Additionally, establishing a regular sleep schedule, avoiding caffeine and alcohol before bedtime, and creating a relaxing sleep environment can help improve the quality of sleep.

In conclusion, getting enough sleep is crucial for improving fertility. It not only increases the chances of conceiving but also promotes a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby. Incorporating healthy sleep habits into a healthy lifestyle can significantly improve fertility and overall well-being.

Also Read: Infertility – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

8. Know Your Ovulation Cycle:

Knowing your ovulation cycle is crucial for improving fertility in women. Ovulation is the process by which an egg is released from the ovary and is available for fertilization by sperm. Understanding the timing of ovulation can significantly increase the chances of conceiving.

There are various methods to track ovulation, including calendar-based methods, ovulation predictor kits, basal body temperature monitoring, and cervical mucus monitoring. These methods can help determine the time of ovulation and the most fertile days in the menstrual cycle. Additionally, understanding the signs and symptoms of ovulation, such as changes in cervical mucus or mild pelvic pain, can further help identify the fertile window.

Knowing the ovulation cycle can also help identify any irregularities or issues with ovulation, such as anovulation, which can negatively impact fertility. In such cases, seeking support from Gynaecologist or fertility specialist can provide additional guidance and support.

 

9. Get Regular Check-Ups:

Getting regular check-ups is essential for improving fertility in both men and women. Regular check-ups with healthcare providers can help identify any underlying medical conditions or issues that may be impacting fertility.

For women, regular gynaecological exams can help identify any reproductive health issues, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or endometriosis, which can negatively impact fertility. Additionally, regular pap smears can help detect cervical cancer, which can also affect fertility. For men, regular check-ups with urologists can help identify any issues with sperm production or quality, such as low sperm count or abnormal sperm shape.

Furthermore, regular check-ups can provide additional guidance and support, including lifestyle changes and medical treatments, to improve fertility. For example, healthcare providers can offer guidance on quitting smoking, reducing alcohol and caffeine intake, and maintaining a healthy weight.

 

10. Consider Fertility Treatments:

For couples struggling to conceive naturally, fertility treatments can offer a viable option to improve fertility. There are several types of fertility treatments available, including in vitro fertilization (IVF), intrauterine insemination (IUI), and fertility medications.

  • IVF is a common fertility treatment that involves fertilizing an egg outside the body in a laboratory and then transferring the embryo back into the uterus. This treatment is usually recommended for couples who have been trying to conceive for an extended period, have issues with ovulation, or have problems with the fallopian tubes.
  • IUI involves the direct insertion of sperm into the uterus during ovulation. This treatment is often recommended for couples with unexplained infertility or low sperm count.
  • Fertility medications, such as Clomid or Letrozole, are often used to stimulate ovulation in women with ovulation issues. These medications work by regulating hormone levels, thereby increasing the chances of conceiving.

While fertility treatments can significantly improve fertility, it is essential to consider the potential risks and side effects. Therefore, it is crucial to seek guidance from healthcare providers or fertility specialists before considering fertility treatments. They can offer guidance on the most suitable treatment option based on individual circumstances, potential risks and benefits, and success rates.

Also Read: About Male Infertility Symptoms & Treatment

 

FAQs:

Q: What is the best way for a man to get a woman pregnant?

A: The best way for a man to get a woman pregnant is to have regular unprotected sex during her fertile window, which is typically around the time of ovulation.

Q: How can I boost my fertility to get pregnant?

A: To boost fertility and increase the chances of getting pregnant, men can maintain a healthy weight, quit smoking, limit alcohol intake, manage stress, and get regular exercise. Women can also make lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, managing stress, and taking folic acid supplements.

Q: What foods help men conceive?

A: Foods that can help improve male fertility include those high in antioxidants such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats such as omega-3 fatty acids.

Q: What Colour is healthy sperm?

A: Healthy sperm is typically white or gray in color.

Q: What makes a sperm strong?

A: Factors that can make sperm strong include having a high sperm count, good motility (ability to swim), and healthy morphology (shape and size).

Q: Which fruit is best for fertility?

A: Fruits that can help improve fertility include those high in antioxidants such as berries, citrus fruits, and pomegranates.

Q: Which food increase egg quality?

A: Foods that can help improve egg quality include those high in antioxidants such as leafy green vegetables, berries, and nuts. Foods high in protein, iron, and vitamin D can also be beneficial.

Q: What juice is good for fertility?

A: Juices that can help improve fertility include those high in antioxidants such as pomegranate, cranberry, and grapefruit juice.

Q: What kills sperm count?

A: Factors that can decrease sperm count include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, exposure to certain chemicals, and certain medical conditions.

Q: Which food make strong sperm?

A: Foods that can help make strong sperm include those high in antioxidants such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats such as omega-3 fatty acids.

Q: How to make sperm stronger for pregnancy?

A: Men can make sperm stronger for pregnancy by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a healthy diet, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

Q: How to increase sperm count naturally?

A: Ways to increase sperm count naturally include maintaining a healthy weight, reducing stress, getting regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, and taking certain supplements such as zinc and folic acid.

Q: How to make sperm stronger for pregnancy naturally?

A: Ways to make sperm stronger for pregnancy naturally include maintaining a healthy lifestyle, eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and taking certain supplements such as antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids. 

Q: Which Vitamins increase sperm volume?

A: Vitamins that can help increase sperm volume include vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E.

Q: How to make sperm stronger for pregnancy Medicine?

A: There are certain medications that can help improve male fertility, including clomiphene citrate and gonadotropins, which can help increase sperm production.

Q: What Foods increase male fertility?

A: Foods that can help increase male fertility include those high in antioxidants such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats such as omega-3 fatty acids. Foods high in zinc and vitamin D can also be beneficial.

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    Dr Mona Dahiya

    Dr Mona Dahiya

    IVF Specialist & Consultant

    Dr Mona Dahiya has performed over 5,000+ IVF cycles and is considered a global expert in IVF, ICSI, IUI and male fertility treatment. She is an eminent writer on Infertility Treatment and has over 100 Publications in both International and National Journals. Dr Mona Dahiya has immensely contributed to the field of infertility through her Research and articles.

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