HSG Tests in Noida

by | Dec 15, 2023 | IVF


Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is a vital diagnostic tool in the realm of female fertility evaluation. Little Angel IVF stands as a recognized name for conducting HSG tests in Noida with precision and care. An HSG test is a specialized X-ray procedure used to examine the inside of a woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes. It involves the insertion of a dye into the uterine cavity which is then monitored through X-ray imaging to assess the shape of the uterus and the patency of the fallopian tubes. This test is critical for identifying abnormalities such as blockages, scars, or structural problems within the reproductive tract, which can be key factors in infertility.

In fertility assessments, the HSG test holds significant importance, with studies showing that approximately 20-25% of female infertility cases are due to tubal factors which can be detected through this test. At Little Angel IVF, we utilize the latest technology and methodologies to conduct HSG tests, ensuring accurate diagnoses and aiding in the formulation of effective treatment plans for women facing challenges in conceiving. Our clinic’s expertise HSG tests in Noida is a testament to our commitment to providing comprehensive fertility care.


Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is a radiographic diagnostic procedure in fertility assessment. Below are the Steps involved in HSG Test.

1.Preparation: Patients are typically advised to undergo the test after their menstrual period but before ovulation to avoid disrupting a potential pregnancy.

2.Insertion of Dye: A contrast dye, usually iodine-based, is slowly injected through the cannula into the uterus. This dye fills the uterus and fallopian tubes.

3.X-ray Imaging: As the dye moves, real-time X-rays (fluoroscopy) capture its flow, highlighting the contours of the uterus and tubes.

4.Visualization: The radiologist observes the dye’s movement to detect any blockages, abnormalities, or irregularities in the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes.

5.Post-Procedure: After the test, the images are analysed to assess tubal patency and uterine health, crucial for fertility evaluations.


At our Fertility Clinic in Noida, we do an HSG test to find out female infertility issues that are linked to tubal problems. The results guide fertility specialists in devising appropriate treatment strategies such as IVF or IUI.An HSG Test is done for the Following 2 Key Reasons at our Noida Clinic.

1.Fallopian Tube Patency: To Check if the fallopian tubes are open or blocked.

2.Uterine Cavity Evaluation: To Identify any uterine anomalies like fibroids, Polyps or Scar tissue.

As a matter of fact, we have observed a slight increase in fertility rates following an HSG test due to potential flushing of the fallopian tubes.

The results guide fertility specialists in devising appropriate treatment strategies, such as IVF or surgery.


  • Consultation and Screening: Prior to an HSG test in Noida, a preliminary consultation is done with Dr Mona Dahiya. This will include a review of medical history and recent pelvic exams. We also discuss any allergies, especially to iodine or contrast dyes
  • Scheduling the Test: The HSG test is usually scheduled right after menstruation but before ovulation, typically between day 6 and day 10 of the menstrual cycle, to ensure there is no risk of disrupting an existing pregnancy.
  • Pre-Test Instructions: Patients are advised to avoid sexual intercourse after their period until the HSG test is completed, to eliminate the chance of pregnancy.
  • Medication Guidance: We may prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection and a pain reliever or a mild sedative to minimize discomfort during the procedure.
  • Dietary Considerations: Eating a light meal a few hours before the test is generally recommended. Fasting is not required.
  • Arranging Transportation: Due to the use of sedatives, arranging for someone to drive home after the test is advisable.
  • What to Bring: Patients should bring any previous medical records and wear comfortable clothing.

Before the start of the HSG Test in Noida we inform Patients about the expectations to reduce anxiety.


Interpreting HSG test results involves distinguishing between normal and abnormal findings:

Normal Results: A normal HSG shows free-flowing dye through the fallopian tubes, indicating they are open, and a normal-shaped uterine cavity without any irregularities.

Abnormal Results: Abnormal Results are Categorized into the following two.

1.Tubal Blockage: Seen in about 20-25% of cases, blockages prevent the dye from passing through, suggesting potential causes for infertility.

2.Uterine Abnormalities: Irregularities like fibroids, polyps, or congenital malformations can distort the uterine cavity are observed in approximately 10-15% of abnormal HSGs.

Abnormal results indicate potential issues such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or structural anomalies. Abnormal results often lead to additional testing or treatments like laparoscopy or hysteroscopy for a more detailed evaluation.


At our Fertility Clinic in Noida, while HSG tests are generally safe, patients should be aware of potential risks and complications:

  1. Infection: A rare but possible risk, occurring in less than 1% of cases. Prophylactic antibiotics may be prescribed to mitigate this risk.
  2. Allergic Reaction to Dye: Allergic reactions to the iodine-based dye, though uncommon, can happen. Patients with known allergies should inform the medical team beforehand.
  3. Pelvic or Abdominal Pain: Mild to moderate pain during or after the procedure is common; usually, over-the-counter pain relievers are sufficient for management.
  4. Vaginal Spotting: Light bleeding or spotting is normal post-HSG and typically resolves within a few days.
  5. Uterine Perforation: Extremely rare, with incidences less than 0.1%. If it occurs, it is usually self-limiting and requires no additional treatment.
  6. Radiation Exposure: The exposure to radiation is minimal, but pregnant women are advised against the test to avoid any risk to the foetus.

Management of Complications: Our clinic is equipped to handle any complications, with immediate care and follow-up treatments as needed.


After undergoing an HSG test in Noida at Little Angel IVF, it is crucial to follow specific post-procedure care and guidelines to ensure optimal recovery and accurate follow-up:

1.Rest and Recovery: Patients may experience mild cramping like menstrual pains post-procedure. It is advisable to rest for the remainder of the day.

2.Pain Management: Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen can be used to alleviate any discomfort.

3.Vaginal Discharge and Spotting: Some women may notice a watery discharge or slight vaginal spotting for a few days. This is normal and generally not a cause for concern.

4.Avoiding Certain Activities: Patients are advised to refrain from inserting anything into the vagina, including tampons and having sexual intercourse, for at least 24 hours post-HSG to prevent infection.

5.Watching for Symptoms: It is important to monitor for signs of infection, such as fever, severe abdominal pain, or heavy vaginal bleeding. If any of these symptoms occur, immediate medical attention is necessary.

6.Follow-Up Appointment: A follow-up appointment with Dr Mona Dahiya is typically scheduled within a week or two after the procedure to discuss the results and next steps in the fertility treatment plan.

7.Understanding Results: During the follow-up, Dr Mona Dahiya will explain the findings of the HSG test, discussing both normal and abnormal results and their implications for fertility.

8.Further Testing or Treatment: Depending on the results, additional tests or fertility treatments may be recommended. Little Angel IVF is equipped to provide comprehensive care and guidance for subsequent steps.

9.Emotional Support: Recognizing the emotional aspect of fertility treatments, Little Angel IVF offers counselling and support services to help patients cope with the stress and emotions related to the process.

Adhering to these post-op guidelines ensures a smooth recovery and paves the way for an informed and supportive journey through fertility treatment.


The HSG (Hysterosalpingography) test plays a pivotal role in planning fertility treatments, as it provides crucial insights into a woman’s reproductive health:

Initial Assessment: HSG is often one of the first diagnostic tests recommended for women facing infertility. It helps in identifying tubal factors, one of the common causes of infertility.

Detecting Tubal Obstructions: The test can reveal if the fallopian tubes are blocked, which can hinder the egg and sperm from meeting, thus preventing fertilization. Tubal blockage accounts for about 20-25% of female infertility cases.

Identifying Uterine Abnormalities: HSG can detect abnormalities within the uterus, like fibroids, polyps, or uterine malformations, which may affect implantation or increase the risk of miscarriage.

Influencing Treatment Decisions: The results of an HSG can significantly influence the course of fertility treatment. For example, if the tubes are blocked, treatments like IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) might be recommended over intrauterine insemination (IUI).

Post-HSG Fertility Improvement: Research at our HSG Clinic in Noida suggest a (10-15) % increase in fertility post-HSG, possibly due to the dye clearing minor blockages in the fallopian tubes.

Complementing Other Tests: HSG is often used in conjunction with other fertility tests, like semen analysis and hormone testing, to provide a comprehensive view of a couple’s fertility status.

Guiding Surgical Interventions: If HSG indicates structural issues, surgical interventions such as laparoscopy might be considered to correct these problems.

Informing Patients: Understanding HSG results allows patients to make informed decisions about their fertility treatment options and set realistic expectations.

Emotional and Psychological Aspect: Our Team of specialists and counsellors at Little Angel IVF support on emotional and psychological impact of HSG results on patients as part of the fertility treatment process.

In summary, the HSG test is a vital component in fertility treatment planning, helping to tailor the approach to everyone’s unique reproductive health needs.

HSG Tests Consultation

Book an appointment with renowned Fertility Expert Dr. Mona Dahiya for your HSG Test in Noida. Dr. Dahiya’s expertise in infertility treatments ensures a comprehensive approach to your reproductive health by offering personalized care and advanced diagnostic procedures in a supportive environment

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    Dr Mona Dahiya

    Dr Mona Dahiya

    IVF Specialist & Consultant

    Dr Mona Dahiya has performed over 5,000+ IVF cycles and is considered a global expert in IVF, ICSI, IUI and male fertility treatment. She is an eminent writer on Infertility Treatment and has over 100 Publications in both International and National Journals. Dr Mona Dahiya has immensely contributed to the field of infertility through her Research and articles.

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