Female Infertility: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

by | Jun 1, 2022 | Fertility

What is Infertility?

Infertility is the inability to conceive a child after trying to do so for at least one year (or six months if the woman is over 35 years old). It affects both men and women and can be caused by various factors. Couples struggling with infertility may experience emotional distress, relationship challenges, and financial burden due to treatments. Understanding the different aspects of infertility is essential to provide support and seeking appropriate care.

 

What is Female Infertility?

Infertility in Female

Infertility in Female

Female infertility occurs when a woman is unable to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term. It accounts for approximately one-third of infertility cases. Factors contributing to female infertility include hormonal imbalances, structural issues, and lifestyle factors. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve the chances of conception for many women facing infertility.

Impact of Age on Female Infertility:

Age has a significant impact on a woman’s fertility. As women age, their ovarian reserve (the number of eggs in the ovaries) decreases, and the quality of the remaining eggs declines. The most fertile years for a woman are typically between the ages of 20 and 30. Fertility starts to decline in the early 30s, with a more rapid decline after the age of 35. By the time a woman reaches her 40s, her chances of conceiving naturally are significantly reduced.

Types of Infertility in Females:

Female infertility can be classified into several types based on the underlying causes:

  1. Ovulatory Disorders: These disorders affect egg production and release, often due to hormonal imbalances. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hypothalamic dysfunction, and premature ovarian insufficiency are common examples.
  2. Tubal Infertility: Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes prevent sperm from reaching the egg or the fertilized egg from travelling to the uterus. Causes include pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, and previous ectopic pregnancy.
  3. Uterine or Cervical Abnormalities: Structural issues in the uterus or cervix may prevent implantation or increase the risk of miscarriage. These abnormalities include uterine fibroids, polyps, and congenital malformations.
  4. Endometriosis: This condition occurs when tissue similar to the uterine lining grows outside the uterus, leading to inflammation, scarring, and fertility issues.
  5. Unexplained Infertility: In some cases, the cause of infertility remains unknown even after thorough evaluation.

 

How to Test if a Woman is Infertile

To determine the cause of infertility, a doctor will typically conduct a series of tests and evaluations:

  1. Medical History: The doctor will ask questions about the woman’s menstrual cycle, sexual history, and any previous pregnancies or miscarriages.
  2. Physical Examination: A comprehensive examination, including a pelvic exam, helps identify any structural abnormalities or potential issues.
  3. Ovulation Testing: Blood tests to measure hormone levels or ovulation predictor kits can help determine if a woman is ovulating regularly.
  4. Hysterosalpingography: This imaging test involves injecting a dye into the uterus and taking X-rays to assess the shape of the uterine cavity and fallopian tube patency.
  5. Ultrasound: Transvaginal ultrasound allows the doctor to visualize the ovaries, uterus, and any abnormalities such as cysts or fibroids.
  6. Laparoscopy: A minimally invasive surgical procedure that enables the doctor to directly examine the pelvic organs and identify issues such as endometriosis or tubal damage.
  7. Endometrial Biopsy: A small sample of the uterine lining is collected and analyzed to assess the health of the endometrium.

After completing these tests, the doctor will discuss the findings and recommend appropriate treatments or interventions based on the underlying cause of infertility. Treatment options may include fertility medications, surgery, intrauterine insemination (IUI), or assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Infertility is a complex issue that affects many couples, with female infertility being a significant contributing factor. Age, ovulatory disorders, tubal infertility, uterine or cervical abnormalities, endometriosis, and unexplained infertility are among the main types of female infertility. To determine the cause, a series of tests and evaluations are performed, and appropriate treatments are recommended based on the findings. Early diagnosis and intervention can improve the chances of conception for many women facing infertility.

 

Causes of Female Infertility:

Female infertility is a complex issue affecting many couples worldwide. In this article, we’ll explore the various factors contributing to female infertility, specifically focusing on five key areas:

  1. Failure to Ovulate
  2. Problems in the Menstrual Cycle
  3. Structural Problems of the Reproductive System
  4. Infections
  5. Failure of an Egg to Mature Properly
  6. Implantation Failure
  7. Endometriosis
  8. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
  9. Primary Ovary Insufficiency (POI)
  10. Uterine Fibroids
  11. Autoimmune Disorders

 

Understanding these causes can empower women to better address infertility and seek appropriate treatments.

1. Failure to Ovulate:

Ovulation is the common process where a mature egg is released from the ovary, ready for fertilization. When ovulation fails to occur, it significantly reduces the chances of conception. Causes for failure to ovulate include:

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): A hormonal disorder causing enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges, resulting in irregular or absent ovulation.
  • Hypothalamic Dysfunction: Disruption of the hypothalamus, a part of the brain responsible for regulating hormones necessary for ovulation.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure (POF): A condition where the ovaries lose their normal function before the age of 40, leading to depleted egg supply and hormone production.

2. Problems in the Menstrual Cycle:

Menstrual cycle irregularities can also contribute to infertility. Some factors affecting the menstrual cycle are:

  • Luteal Phase Defect: An insufficient production of progesterone by the ovaries, which can cause issues with the implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus.
  • Anovulation: The absence of ovulation during a menstrual cycle, preventing the release of an egg for fertilization.
  • Amenorrhea: The absence of menstruation for three or more consecutive months, which may indicate a problem with ovulation.

3. Structural Problems of the Reproductive System:

Physical abnormalities within the reproductive system can hinder the process of conception. These issues may include:

  • Blockaged Fallopian Tube: Scarring or blockage of the fallopian tubes can prevent the egg from meeting the sperm for fertilization or hinder the fertilized egg from reaching the uterus.
  • Uterine Abnormalities: Irregularities in the shape or structure of the uterus can interfere with implantation or increase the risk of miscarriage.
  • Cervical Issues: Abnormalities in the cervix or cervical mucus may hinder sperm from reaching the egg.

4. Infections:

Infections can significantly impact fertility, either directly or indirectly. Some infections that can cause infertility are:

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): An infection of the female reproductive organs, often resulting from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like chlamydia or gonorrhea.
  • Endometritis: An inflammation of the uterine lining, which can hinder implantation or increase miscarriage risk.
  • Tuberculosis: Though primarily a lung infection, it can also affect the reproductive system, causing damage to the fallopian tubes or uterus.

5. Failure of an Egg to Mature Properly

For a successful conception, the egg must be fully mature. Factors causing an egg to not mature properly include:

  • Poor Egg Quality: As women age, the quality of their eggs declines, reducing the chances of successful fertilization and healthy pregnancy.
  • Chromosomal Abnormalities: Irregularities in the egg’s chromosomes can lead to problems with fertilization, implantation, or early miscarriage.

6. Implantation Failure:

Implantation failure occurs when a fertilized egg is unable to attach itself to the uterine lining. This can be due to several reasons:

  • Thin Endometrial Lining: The uterus lining may be too thin to support implantation, often due to hormonal imbalances.
  • Uterine Abnormalities: Congenital or acquired structural abnormalities in the uterus can hinder successful implantation.
  • Chromosomal or Genetic Issues: Abnormalities in the embryo’s genetic makeup can lead to unsuccessful implantation.

7. Endometriosis:

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus. This can cause:

  • Pelvic Pain and Inflammation: Severe pain during menstruation and intercourse may hinder a woman’s ability to conceive.
  • Adhesions and Scar Tissue: The growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus can cause scar tissue, which may block the fallopian tubes or affect the ovaries and uterus.
  • Impaired Egg Quality: Endometriosis can negatively impact egg quality, reducing the likelihood of successful fertilization and implantation.

8. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):

PCOS is a hormonal disorder characterized by irregular periods, high levels of androgens (male hormones), and enlarged ovaries with small cysts. PCOS affects fertility by:

  • Irregular Ovulation: Women with PCOS may experience infrequent or absent ovulation, reducing the chances of conception.
  • Insulin Resistance: Insulin resistance can lead to elevated insulin levels, causing the ovaries to produce more androgens and further disrupting ovulation.
  • Obesity: PCOS is often linked to obesity, which can negatively affect fertility by causing hormonal imbalances and ovulatory dysfunction.

9. Primary Ovary Insufficiency (POI):

POI, also known as premature ovarian failure, occurs when a woman’s ovaries stop functioning normally before age 40. Causes of POI include:

  • Genetic Factors: Chromosomal abnormalities or inherited conditions can cause POI.
  • Autoimmune Disorders: The immune system may mistakenly attack the ovaries, leading to POI.
  • Chemotherapy or Radiation: Cancer treatments can damage the ovaries, causing premature ovarian failure.

10. Uterine Fibroids:

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths in the uterus. While most fibroids do not cause fertility issues, they can lead to infertility when:

  • Blocking the Fallopian Tubes: Large fibroids can obstruct the fallopian tubes, preventing sperm from reaching the egg.
  • Distorting the Uterine Cavity: Fibroids inside the uterus can change their shape, interfering with implantation.
  • Impeding Blood Flow: Fibroids can restrict blood flow to the uterus, affecting the endometrial lining and reducing the chances of implantation.

11. Autoimmune Disorders:

Autoimmune disorders, where the immune system attacks the body’s own cells, can also contribute to infertility. Some examples include:

  • Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS): is a condition where the immune system mistakenly produces antibodies against certain proteins in the blood, increasing the risk of blood clots. This can interfere with implantation or cause recurrent miscarriages.
  • Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis: An autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland, leading to hypothyroidism. This condition can disrupt hormone levels and negatively impact ovulation and fertility.
  • Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that can impact various organs, including the reproductive system. Lupus can cause inflammation and scarring in the reproductive organs, which may lead to infertility or pregnancy complications.

Understanding the different causes of female infertility can help women make informed decisions about their reproductive health and seek appropriate medical intervention. If you suspect you may be facing fertility challenges, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional. They can provide a comprehensive evaluation, identify potential causes, and recommend suitable treatment options. Remember, support from medical professionals, family, and friends can make a significant difference in navigating the journey to parenthood.

 

Symptoms of Female Infertility:

Female infertility can be a distressing challenge for many couples trying to conceive. Understanding the symptoms, prevention, and diagnosis can help you take the necessary steps toward overcoming fertility issues.

Key Symptoms:

  1. Irregular menstrual cycle: A typical menstrual cycle lasts 28 days, with variations of a few days. If your cycle is consistently shorter than 21 days or longer than 35 days, it may indicate a hormonal imbalance or other issues impacting fertility.
  2. Absent or infrequent periods: Amenorrhea (absence of periods) or oligomenorrhea (infrequent periods) may signal hormonal imbalances, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), or other underlying problems.
  3. Heavy or painful periods: Excessive bleeding or pain during menstruation could be a sign of endometriosis or uterine fibroids, both of which can impact fertility.
  4. Pelvic pain: Persistent pain or discomfort in the pelvic region may suggest infections or inflammation that can affect fertility.
  5. Hormonal imbalances: Symptoms like acne, hair growth, weight gain, or thinning hair can indicate hormonal imbalances that impact fertility.
  6. Recurrent miscarriages: Multiple miscarriages may suggest a need for further evaluation to determine the cause and potential treatments.

 

Prevention of Female Infertility:

Infertility prevention focuses on promoting overall reproductive health. Consider implementing these lifestyle changes:

  1. Maintain a healthy weight: Obesity or being underweight can impact fertility. Adopt a balanced diet and exercise regularly to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
  2. Quit smoking and limit alcohol: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can negatively affect fertility. Quitting smoking and reducing alcohol intake can improve your chances of conceiving.
  3. Manage stress: Chronic stress may impact fertility. Incorporate stress-reducing techniques such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises into your daily routine.
  4. Avoid environmental toxins: Exposure to certain chemicals or radiation can affect fertility. Limit contact with harmful substances and adopt safety measures when necessary.
  5. Get regular check-ups: Early detection of reproductive health issues can be crucial in preventing infertility. Schedule regular check-ups with your healthcare provider.

 

Diagnosis of Female Infertility:

If you suspect infertility, consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation. The diagnostic process may include:

  1. Medical history: Your healthcare provider will gather information about your menstrual cycle, sexual history, and overall health.
  2. Physical examination: A pelvic exam may reveal signs of infections, fibroids, or other abnormalities that could impact fertility.
  3. Blood tests: Blood tests can measure hormone levels and assess your ovarian reserve (the number of eggs remaining in your ovaries).
  4. Imaging studies: Ultrasound, X-rays, or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can provide valuable information about the reproductive organs and detect abnormalities.
  5. Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): This X-ray test examines the shape of the uterus and checks if the fallopian tubes are open.
  6. Laparoscopy: A minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows your healthcare provider to visually inspect your reproductive organs and identify any issues.

Understanding the symptoms, prevention, and diagnosis of female infertility can help you make informed decisions about your reproductive health. Consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance.

 

Treatment of Female Infertility:

Female infertility can be a complex issue with various contributing factors. The good news is that many treatments are available to address these challenges. In this section, we’ll discuss the common treatments and the risk factors for female infertility.

Common Treatments:

  1. Medications: Fertility medications regulate or induce ovulation, increasing the chances of conception. Some commonly used medications include:
  • Clomiphene citrate: Stimulates ovulation by increasing the production of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
  • Gonadotropins: Injected hormones that directly stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs.
  • Metformin: Often prescribed for women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) to regulate insulin levels and improve ovulation.
  • Letrozole: Used to induce ovulation by blocking the production of estrogen.
  1. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): IUI involves placing sperm directly into the female uterus around the time of ovulation. This procedure can be done with or without fertility medications, depending on the cause of infertility.
  1. Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART): ART procedures involve the manipulation of both sperm and eggs outside the body. The most common ART technique is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF):
  • In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): The woman’s eggs are retrieved and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. The resulting female embryos are then transferred to the uterus.

Other ART techniques include:

  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): A single sperm is injected directly into an egg, often used in cases of severe male factor infertility.
  • Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT): Embryos are screened for genetic abnormalities before being transferred to the uterus.
  1. Surgery: Surgical interventions may be necessary to address issues such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or blocked fallopian tubes. Common procedures include:
  • Laparoscopy: Minimally invasive surgery to remove endometrial tissue or repair damaged fallopian tubes.
  • Hysteroscopy: Procedure to remove uterine fibroids or polyps.
  • Tubal surgery: Surgery to unblock or repair damaged fallopian tubes.

 

Who is at Risk of Female Infertility?

Certain factors can increase a woman’s risk of experiencing infertility. These include:

  1. Age: Female fertility generally declines with age, particularly after 35 years. The quantity and quality of eggs decrease, leading to reduced chances of conception.
  1. Weight: Being overweight or underweight can impact hormonal balance and interfere with ovulation, affecting fertility.
  1. Smoking: Smoking can harm the reproductive system, reducing fertility in women. It can also contribute to early menopause and increase the risk of miscarriage.
  1. Alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol intake can negatively impact fertility by disrupting hormone levels and increasing the risk of ovulation disorders.
  1. Medical conditions: Conditions such as PCOS, endometriosis, and thyroid disorders can affect fertility. Additionally, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can damage reproductive organs.
  1. Previous cancer treatment: Certain cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation, can harm fertility by damaging eggs or reproductive organs.
  1. Environmental factors: Exposure to environmental toxins, chemicals, or radiation can impact fertility by affecting egg quality or hormonal balance.

Understanding the treatments and risk factors for female infertility can help you make informed decisions about your reproductive health

 

Diet for Female Infertility:

A balanced and nutritious diet plays a vital role in promoting overall reproductive health and increasing your chances of conception. In this section, we’ll discuss dietary tips to help improve fertility and when to consult a doctor.

Foods to Include:

  1. Antioxidant-rich foods: Antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, protect cells from damage caused by free radicals, supporting healthy egg and sperm development. Include these foods in your diet:
  • Fruits: Berries, citrus fruits, and kiwi
  • Vegetables: Leafy greens, bell peppers, and tomatoes
  • Nuts: Almonds and walnuts
  1. Healthy fats: Omega-3 fatty acids support hormonal balance and may improve fertility. Add these sources of healthy fats to your diet:
  • Fatty fish: Salmon, mackerel, and sardines
  • Seeds: Chia seeds and flaxseeds
  • Nuts: Walnuts and almonds
  1. Complex carbohydrates: Opt for complex carbohydrates over simple carbs, as they have a lower glycemic index, providing a steadier energy source and helping to maintain a healthy weight:
  • Whole grains: Brown rice, whole wheat, and quinoa
  • Legumes: Lentils, chickpeas, and black beans
  • Vegetables: Sweet potatoes, green leafy vegetables, and squash
  1. High-fibre foods: A high-fibre diet helps maintain blood sugar and insulin levels, which can be beneficial for women with PCOS. Include these high-fiber foods:
  • Fruits: Apples, pears, and raspberries
  • Vegetables: Broccoli, artichokes, and Brussels sprouts
  • Legumes: Beans, lentils, and chickpeas
  1. Lean protein sources: Lean protein sources provide essential nutrients for hormone production and egg development. Choose these options:
  • Poultry: Chicken and turkey (preferably skinless)
  • Fish: Salmon, cod, and tilapia
  • Plant-based: Lentils, chickpeas, and tofu
  1. Dairy: Moderate consumption of full-fat dairy products may improve fertility. Include these in your diet:
  • Yogurt: Plain, full-fat Greek yogurt
  • Cheese: Cheddar, mozzarella, and feta
  • Milk: Whole milk or reduced-fat milk

Foods to Avoid:

  • Trans fats: Found in processed and fried foods, trans fats can negatively impact fertility by increasing inflammation and insulin resistance.
  • Excessive caffeine: High caffeine intake may contribute to fertility issues. Limit your daily consumption to 200-300 mg (about 1-2 cups of coffee).
  • Alcohol: Excessive alcohol consumption can interfere with hormone balance and decrease fertility. It is best to reduce or eliminate alcohol when trying to conceive.

 

When to Contact a Doctor:

It is essential to know when to seek professional advice regarding fertility concerns. Consider contacting a healthcare provider if:

  • You are under 35 and have been trying to conceive for over a year without success.
  • You are over 35 and have been trying to conceive for six months without success.
  • You have irregular, absent, or painful menstrual periods.
  • You or your partner have a known fertility issue or a history of multiple miscarriages.
  • You have a medical condition, such as endometriosis, PCOS, or a thyroid disorder, that may affect fertility.
  • You have been exposed to chemotherapy, radiation, or other treatments that could impact fertility.

A healthcare professional can provide guidance and recommend appropriate diagnostic tests and treatments to address your fertility concerns

 

F.A.Q:

Q: What are the 4 causes of female infertility?

A: There are several causes of female infertility, including:

  • Hormonal imbalances: Hormonal imbalances such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can affect ovulation and fertility.
  • Structural issues: Structural issues such as blocked fallopian tubes or uterine fibroids can affect fertility.
  • Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, which can affect fertility.

Age: As women age, their fertility decreases. Women over 35 are at a higher risk of infertility.

Q: What are the types of female infertility?

A: There are two types of female infertility:

  • Primary infertility: This refers to women who have never been able to conceive.
  • Secondary infertility: This refers to women who have had at least one successful pregnancy but are unable to conceive again.

Q: What are 3 causes of infertility?

A: There are several causes of infertility, including:

  • Hormonal imbalances: Hormonal imbalances such as PCOS can affect ovulation and fertility.
  • Structural issues: Structural issues such as blocked fallopian tubes or uterine fibroids can affect fertility.
  • Age: As women age, their fertility decreases. Women over 35 are at a higher risk of infertility.

Q: When is a female most infertile?

A: A female is most infertile during menopause, which typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. During menopause, the ovaries stop releasing eggs, which makes pregnancy impossible.

Q: What are 3 ways to prevent infertility?

A: There are several ways to prevent infertility, including:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight: Obesity and underweight can affect fertility.
  • Avoiding sexually transmitted infections (STIs): STIs can cause damage to the reproductive organs, which can affect fertility.
  • Limiting exposure to environmental toxins: Exposure to chemicals and toxins can affect fertility.

Q: What are 3 examples of infertility?

A: Three examples of infertility include:

  • Ovulatory disorders: Ovulatory disorders such as PCOS can affect ovulation and fertility.
  • Tubal factor infertility: Tubal factor infertility is caused by blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, which can prevent fertilization.
  • Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, which can affect fertility.

Q: How is female infertility treated?

A: The treatment of female infertility depends on the underlying cause. Some common treatment options include:

  • Medications to stimulate ovulation
  • Surgery to correct structural issues
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI) to increase the chances of fertilization
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) to fertilize the eggs outside the body
  • In some cases, lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, reducing alcohol intake, and maintaining a healthy weight can also improve fertility.

Q: What diseases cause infertility?

A: Several diseases can cause infertility, including:

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Diabetes

Q: How do I check my fertility?

A: There are several tests that can be done to check fertility, including:

  • Ovarian reserve testing: This test measures the number and quality of a woman’s eggs.
  • Hormone testing: This test measures hormone levels that can affect fertility.
  • Imaging tests: These tests can check for structural issues that can affect fertility, such as blocked fallopian tubes or uterine fibroids.
  • Semen analysis: This test can check the quantity and quality of a man’s sperm.

Q: Can stress cause infertility?

A: While stress can affect the menstrual cycle and ovulation, it’s unlikely to directly cause infertility. However, stress can lead to behaviors that can affect fertility, such as smoking, drinking, and poor diet choices.

Q: What is the biggest reason for infertility?

A: Age is the biggest reason for infertility. As women age, their fertility decreases, and the risk of infertility increases.

Q: What increases female infertility?

A: Several factors can increase the risk of female infertility, including

  • Age
  • Hormonal imbalances such as PCOS
  • Structural issues such as blocked fallopian tubes or uterine fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption

Q: What are 5 things that can cause infertility?

A: Five things that can cause infertility include:

  • Age
  • Hormonal imbalances such as PCOS
  • Structural issues such as blocked fallopian tubes or uterine fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption

Q: What are the 5 options for infertility?

A: There are several options for infertility, including:

  • Medications to stimulate ovulation
  • Surgery to correct structural issues
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI) to increase the chances of fertilization
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) to fertilize the eggs outside the body
  • Use of donor eggs or sperm

Q: What are the 3 types of infertility?

A: The three types of infertility are:

  • Primary infertility: This refers to women who have never been able to conceive.
  • Secondary infertility: This refers to women who have had at least one successful pregnancy but are unable to conceive again.
  • Unexplained infertility: This refers to cases where the cause of infertility cannot be identified.

 

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    Dr Mona Dahiya

    Dr Mona Dahiya

    IVF Specialist & Consultant

    Dr Mona Dahiya has performed over 5,000+ IVF cycles and is considered a global expert in IVF, ICSI, IUI and male fertility treatment. She is an eminent writer on Infertility Treatment and has over 100 Publications in both International and National Journals. Dr Mona Dahiya has immensely contributed to the field of infertility through her Research and articles.

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