What Is Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)?
HSG or hysterosalpingogram, is a medical imaging procedure that is performed to evaluate the condition of a woman’s fallopian tubes and uterus. It involves the injection of a contrast material into the uterus, followed by X-ray imaging to visualize the flow of the material through the reproductive organs.Later on we have discussed about HSG Test price.
What is the HSG Test?
The HSG test is a diagnostic tool used to evaluate the anatomy and function of a woman’s reproductive system. It is typically performed by a radiologist or gynaecologist and takes about 30 minutes to complete.
During the procedure, the woman lies on her back on an X-ray table with her feet in stirrups. A speculum is inserted into the vagina to grat access to the cervix. A small catheter is then inserted through the cervix and into the uterus. A contrast material, usually a dye called iodine or saline solution, is injected into the uterus through the catheter.
As the contrast material flows through the uterus and into the fallopian tubes, X-ray images are taken to capture the movement of the material. This allows the radiologist or gynaecologist to evaluate the shape, size, and position of the uterus and fallopian tubes, as well as detect any blockages, abnormalities, or other issues.
What is the Purpose of HSG Test?
The HSG test is used to evaluate the condition of a woman’s reproductive organs, specifically the uterus and fallopian tubes. This test is typically performed as part of a fertility evaluation for women who are experiencing difficulty conceiving. The HSG test can identify blockages, scarring, and other abnormalities that may be preventing fertilization and implantation.
In addition to fertility evaluations, the HSG test may also be used to evaluate other reproductive conditions, such as recurrent miscarriage or abnormal bleeding. It may also be used to assess the effectiveness of certain procedures, such as tubal ligation or uterine fibroid embolization.
When is the HSG Test Performed?
The HSG test is usually performed as part of a fertility evaluation for women who are having difficulty conceiving. It can help identify problems with the fallopian tubes, such as blockages or scarring, which can prevent the sperm from reaching the egg or the fertilized egg from reaching the uterus. It can also detect abnormalities in the uterus, such as polyps, fibroids, or adhesions, which can interfere with implantation.
The HSG test is typically scheduled between days 7 and 10 of a woman’s menstrual cycle, after the period has ended but before ovulation occurs. This is to ensure that there is no risk of pregnancy at the time of the test. The test should not be performed if the woman is pregnant or suspects she may be pregnant, as the contrast material can be harmful to the developing fetus.
In addition to infertility evaluations, the HSG test may be performed to evaluate other reproductive conditions, such as recurrent miscarriage or abnormal bleeding. It may also be used to assess the effectiveness of certain procedures, such as tubal ligation or uterine fibroid embolization.
What are the Preparations Required Before HSG Test?
To ensure accurate results and minimize discomfort during the HSG test, there are certain preparations that need to be made beforehand. These preparations may include the following:
- Timing of the Test: The HSG test is typically scheduled between days 7 and 10 of a woman’s menstrual cycle, after the period has ended but before ovulation occurs. This is to ensure that there is no risk of pregnancy at the time of the test. The test should not be performed if the woman is pregnant or suspects she may be pregnant, as the contrast material can be harmful to the developing fetus.
- Medications: The woman should inform the doctor of any medications she is taking before the test. Certain medications, such as aspirin or blood thinners, may need to be discontinued prior to the procedure. The doctor may also recommend taking pain relievers or antibiotics before or after the test to minimize discomfort and reduce the risk of infection.
- Bowel Movement: It is recommended that the woman have a bowel movement before the HSG test to minimize discomfort and reduce the risk of infection. She should also avoid using tampons or douches in the days leading up to the test.
- Allergies: If the woman has a known allergy to iodine or contrast material, she should inform the doctor before the test. The doctor may recommend an alternative contrast material or prescribe medication to reduce the risk of an allergic reaction.
- Pain Management: The HSG test can be uncomfortable for some women, so the doctor may recommend taking pain relievers before the test. The woman may also be given a local anaesthetic to numb the cervix and reduce discomfort during the procedure.
- Arrangements: The HSG test can take up to 30 minutes, so the woman should arrange to have someone drive her home after the procedure. She may also want to take the day off from work or other activities to rest and recover.
The HSG test is an important diagnostic tool used to evaluate the condition of a woman’s reproductive organs. To ensure accurate results and minimize discomfort during the procedure, there are certain preparations that need to be made beforehand. The woman should follow the doctor’s instructions carefully and inform the doctor of any medications or allergies before the test. With proper preparation, the HSG test can provide valuable information to help diagnose and treat reproductive conditions.
How Much Does HSG Test Price/Cost in 2023?
The cost of the HSG test in India varies depending on the location, facility, and doctor performing the procedure. On average, the cost of the HSG test in India can range from Rs. 2,500 to Rs. 4,000. The cost may be higher in metropolitan cities or specialized clinics.
It is important to note that the cost of the HSG test may not include additional charges for medications, consultation fees, or follow-up visits. The woman should check with the facility or doctor to understand the complete cost of the procedure.
In addition, some insurance policies may cover the cost of the HSG test. The woman should check with her insurance provider to understand the coverage and any out-of-pocket expenses.
The HSG test is a diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the condition of a woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes. The procedure involves injecting a contrast material into the uterus and imaging it with X-rays. The cost of the HSG test in India varies depending on the location, facility, and doctor performing the procedure.
HSG Test Price/Cost in Indian Cities:
Table showing price of HSG Test-
|City||Average Price||Starting Price||Price Upto|
|Delhi||Rs. 3000||Rs. 2000||Rs. 4000|
|Noida||Rs. 2000||Rs. 1500||Rs. 3000|
|Gurgaon||Rs. 3500||Rs. 3000||Rs. 4500|
|Ghaziabad||Rs. 2000||Rs. 1500||Rs. 3000|
|Mumbai||Rs. 2500||Rs. 1500||Rs. 3700|
|Pune||Rs. 3000||Rs. 1990||Rs. 4500|
|Bangalore||Rs. 2500||Rs. 1500||Rs. 4500|
|Chennai||Rs. 2800||Rs. 2000||Rs. 4000|
|Hyderabad||Rs. 2100||Rs. 1500||Rs. 3500|
Factors Affecting HSG Test Price/Cost:
The price of an HSG test can vary depending on a number of factors like:
- Location: The HSG test cost can vary depending on where you live. Tests in larger cities or more affluent areas may cost more than those in smaller towns or less expensive regions.
- Clinic/Provider: The cost of an HSG test can also depend on the clinic or provider you choose. Different clinics may have different prices depending on factors such as their level of expertise, reputation, and equipment.
- Insurance Coverage: Your insurance coverage can also affect the cost of an HSG test. If the test is covered by your insurance, you may only need to pay a copay or deductible. If it’s not covered, you may need to pay the full cost out of pocket.
- Additional Services: Some clinics may offer additional services alongside the HSG test, such as a consultation or follow-up appointment. These services can add to the overall cost of the test.
- Preparation: Depending on the clinic, you may need to prepare for the HSG test in advance. This can include taking medication or undergoing additional tests. The cost of these preparations can add to the overall cost of the test.
- Imaging Equipment: The type of imaging equipment used during the HSG test can also affect the cost. More advanced equipment may be more expensive to use, and this cost may be passed on to the patient.
- Aftercare: After the HSG test, you may need to take time off work or avoid certain activities for a period of time. These costs can also add up and affect the overall cost of the test.
Overall, the HSG test cost can range from a few hundred to a few thousand Indian rupees, depending on these factors. It’s important to check with your insurance provider and chosen clinic to get an accurate estimate of the cost and any additional expenses you may need to consider.
HSG Test Procedure:
The HSG test, or hysterosalpingogram, is a medical imaging procedure used to evaluate the condition of a woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes. This test involves injecting a contrast material into the uterus and imaging it with X-rays. Here’s what you can expect during the procedure, as well as information on the cost of the HSG test in India.
The HSG test is typically performed in a radiology or imaging centre by a radiologist or gynaecologist. The procedure generally takes about 15-30 minutes and involves the following steps:
- Pre-Procedure: Before the procedure, the woman will change into a gown and lie on an examination table. The doctor will explain the procedure and answer any questions she may have. The woman may be given pain relievers or antibiotics before the test to minimize discomfort and reduce the risk of infection.
- Speculum Insertion: The doctor will insert a speculum into the woman’s vagina to visualize the cervix.
- Catheter Insertion: A catheter will then be inserted through the cervix and into the uterus. The contrast material will be injected through the catheter into the uterus.
- Imaging: Once the contrast material is injected, X-ray images will be taken to visualize the uterus and fallopian tubes. The woman may be asked to change positions to get different views of the reproductive organs.
- Removal of Catheter: After the imaging is complete, the catheter will be removed, and the woman will be given time to rest and recover.
- Post-Procedure: The woman may experience cramping and mild discomfort for a few hours after the procedure. She may also experience some vaginal bleeding or discharge for a few days. The doctor may recommend avoiding sexual activity and using pads instead of tampons for a few days after the procedure.
Success Rate of HSG Test:
The success rate of the HSG test in India varies depending on the cause of infertility. In general, the HSG test is successful in identifying any physical blockages or abnormalities that may be preventing pregnancy. According to a study published in the Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences, the HSG test has a success rate of up to 89% in diagnosing tubal blockages.
However, the HSG test may not be effective in identifying other causes of infertility, such as hormonal imbalances or structural issues within the uterus. In such cases, additional diagnostic tests may be required.
Risks & Side Effects of HSG Test:
An HSG test is a common procedure used to check the health of a woman’s fallopian tubes and uterus. While it’s generally considered safe, there are some risks and side effects to be aware of:
Risks of HSG Test:
- Infection: There is a small risk of infection after an HSG test, especially if there is a pre-existing infection or if the equipment used is not properly sterilized.
- Allergic reaction: Some women may have an allergic reaction to the dye used during the HSG test. This is rare, but if you have a history of allergies, be sure to let your doctor know.
- Damage to the uterus or fallopian tubes: In rare cases, the HSG test may cause damage to the uterus or fallopian tubes. This can lead to scarring, blockages, or other complications.
Side Effects of HSG Test:
- Cramping: Many women experience cramping during and after the HSG test.
- Pain: Some women may experience mild to moderate pain during the HSG test. Your doctor may recommend taking painkillers beforehand to help manage the discomfort.
- Spotting: It’s common to experience some light spotting after the HSG test.
- Fainting: In rare cases, women may faint during the HSG test due to pain or anxiety.
If you experience any severe or persistent side effects or if you have any concerns about the risks of the HSG test, be sure to talk to your doctor. They can advise you on the best course of action and help you decide whether an HSG test is right for you.
Benefits of HSG Test:
An HSG (hysterosalpingogram) test is a diagnostic procedure used to check the health of a woman’s fallopian tubes and uterus. Here are some of the advantages of this test:
- Non-Invasive: Unlike some other diagnostic tests, such as laparoscopy, an HSG test is non-invasive. This means that there is no surgery or incision involved, and recovery time is minimal.
- Quick: An HSG test usually takes around 30 minutes to complete, making it a quick and efficient way to check for any issues with the fallopian tubes or uterus.
- Diagnostic: An HSG test is an effective diagnostic tool that can provide valuable information about the health of a woman’s reproductive system. It can help identify issues such as blockages, scarring, or abnormalities that may be affecting fertility.
- Low-Risk: While there are some risks associated with an HSG test, they are generally considered to be low. The risks include infection, allergic reactions, and damage to the uterus or fallopian tubes. However, these risks are rare, and most women experience no complications.
- Cost-Effective: Compared to other diagnostic tests, such as laparoscopy or hysteroscopy, an HSG test is generally less expensive. This can make it a more accessible option for women who need to have their reproductive systems checked.
- Fertility Boosting: In some cases, an HSG test can actually help boost fertility. This is because the dye used during the test can help to clear out any blockages or debris in the fallopian tubes, making it easier for eggs to travel and for fertilization to occur.
Overall, an HSG test is a safe, effective, and relatively quick way to check the health of a woman’s reproductive system. It can help diagnose issues that may be affecting fertility and can even help boost fertility in some cases.
Also Read: Laparoscopy Cost in Delhi
How to Book HSG Test Near Me?
If you’re considering getting an HSG (hysterosalpingogram) test, you may be wondering how to book one near you. Here’s what you need to know:
- Ask your doctor: The first step is to talk to your doctor. They will be able to advise you on whether an HSG test is necessary and where you can get one near you.
- Check with your insurance: Before booking an HSG test, it’s important to check with your insurance provider to see if it’s covered. If it’s not, you may need to pay for it out of pocket.
- Find a clinic: Once you have the go-ahead from your doctor and insurance, you can start looking for a clinic that offers HSG testing. You can search online for clinics near you or ask for recommendations from your doctor.
- Book an appointment: Once you’ve found a clinic, you can book an appointment either online or by calling them directly. Be sure to ask about any preparation you need to do before the test, such as avoiding sex or taking painkillers.
- Attend your appointment: On the day of your appointment, make sure you bring any necessary paperwork and arrive on time. The HSG test itself usually takes around 30 minutes, but you may need to allow more time for waiting and recovery.
What are Normal and Abnormal Results HSG Test Results?
Normal results indicate that the contrast dye flows freely through the uterus and fallopian tubes, indicating that there are no blockages or abnormalities in the reproductive tract.
Abnormal results can indicate a number of issues, such as blockages in the fallopian tubes, abnormal growths in the uterus, or adhesions between the pelvic organs. Blockages in the fallopian tubes can prevent the egg from reaching the uterus, while abnormal growths or adhesions can interfere with implantation or cause miscarriage.
What to Expect After the HSG Test?
After the HSG test, patients may experience mild cramping, spotting, or light bleeding. Patients can return to their normal activities immediately after the test, although they may be advised to avoid sexual intercourse for a few days.
It is also important to note that some women may experience an allergic reaction to the contrast dye used in the HSG test. Symptoms of an allergic reaction can include hives, itching, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Is the HSG Test Painful?
While discomfort and mild cramping can be expected during the HSG test, the level of pain experienced can vary from person to person. Some women report feeling only mild discomfort during the procedure, while others may experience more significant pain.
In some cases, the doctor may prescribe pain medication or a local anesthetic to help manage discomfort during the procedure. Patients should discuss any concerns they have about pain management with their doctor prior to the test.
The HSG test is a common diagnostic tool used to examine the reproductive tract and identify potential causes of infertility. Normal results indicate that the reproductive tract is functioning normally, while abnormal results can indicate a range of issues that may interfere with fertility. Patients should be aware of the potential for mild discomfort or pain during the test, as well as the possibility of allergic reactions to the contrast dye.
Q: How much did your HSG test cost?
A: HSG test cost may vary depending on the location, healthcare provider, and insurance coverage. Average HSG cost is around ₹15,000.
Q: Is HSG helpful for pregnancy?
A: Yes, an HSG test can be helpful in determining the cause of infertility and improving the chances of pregnancy by identifying any blockages or abnormalities in the fallopian tubes.
Q: Is HSG test painful?
A: The level of pain experienced during an HSG test may vary among individuals, but some may experience cramping or discomfort during the procedure.
Q: क्या एचएसजी प्रेगनेंसी के लिए मददगार है?
A: हाँ, एचएसजी टेस्ट नार्मल गर्भधारण के लिए मददगार हो सकता है क्योंकि यह फैलोपियन ट्यूब में किसी भी ब्लॉकेज या असामान्यताओं का पता लगाकर बेबी के जन्म की संभावनाओं को बढ़ाता है।
Q: क्या एचएसजी आपको गर्भवती होने में मदद कर सकता है?
A: हाँ, एचएसजी टेस्ट आपको गर्भवती होने में मदद कर सकता है क्योंकि यह फैलोपियन ट्यूब में किसी भी ब्लॉकेज या असामान्यताओं का पता लगाकर बेबी के जन्म की संभावनाओं को बढ़ाता है।
Q: Is HSG only for fertility?
A: No, an HSG test may also be used to diagnose other medical conditions such as uterine abnormalities, tumors, or adhesions.
Q: Can HSG stop period?
A: No, an HSG test does not stop the menstrual cycle, but it is recommended to schedule the test between days 6 and 10 of the menstrual cycle.
Q: Can I eat before HSG test?
A: It is recommended to avoid eating or drinking for a few hours before the HSG test.
Q: What is the disadvantage of HSG?
A: Some potential disadvantages of an HSG test include pain or discomfort during the procedure, risk of infection, and exposure to radiation from the imaging equipment.
Q: Can HSG open blocked tubes?
A: In some cases, an HSG test may help to clear blockages in the fallopian tubes by using pressure from the dye to push through any debris or mucus.
Q: What is a normal HSG result?
A: A normal HSG result shows that the dye flows freely through the fallopian tubes without any blockages, abnormalities, or abnormalities in the shape of the uterus.
Q: Is HSG test risky?
A: Like any medical procedure, an HSG test carries some risks, such as pain, discomfort, bleeding, infection, or an allergic reaction to the dye used during the procedure. However, these risks are generally low and can be minimized with proper preparation and care.
Q: Can a HSG help you get pregnant?
A: An HSG test can help to identify any issues with the fallopian tubes or uterus that may be preventing pregnancy. By detecting and treating these issues, it can potentially increase the chances of getting pregnant.
Q: Is HSG process painful?
A: The HSG process can be uncomfortable and painful for some women. However, this can vary depending on individual pain tolerance and the experience of the healthcare provider performing the test.
Q: What is the average cost of an HSG?
A: The cost of an HSG can vary depending on factors such as the healthcare provider, location, and insurance coverage. On average, it can range from ₹1,500 to ₹3,000.
Q: Can HSG damage eggs?
A: There is no evidence to suggest that HSG can directly damage eggs. However, there is a small risk of radiation exposure during the procedure, which may affect egg quality over time.
Q: Did anyone get pregnant after HSG?
A: Yes, many women have reported getting pregnant after undergoing an HSG test. This may be due to the fact that any blockages or issues with the fallopian tubes or uterus were identified and treated during the test.
Q: What is the 10 day rule in HSG?
A: The 10 day rule refers to the recommendation to avoid sexual activity for 10 days following an HSG test to reduce the risk of infection.
Q: Can I walk after HSG test?
A: Yes, most women can resume normal activities, including walking, immediately after an HSG test. However, it is recommended to avoid strenuous exercise or lifting heavy objects for at least 24 hours.
Q: Can HSG damage fallopian tubes?
A: There is a small risk of infection or injury to the fallopian tubes during an HSG test, but serious damage is rare and can usually be treated with antibiotics or surgery.
Q: Which day is good for HSG test?
A: The ideal time to schedule an HSG test is between day 6 and day 10 of the menstrual cycle, when the lining of the uterus is thin and there is less risk of interference with implantation. However, this may vary depending on individual circumstances and healthcare provider recommendations.
Q: Which is more painful HSG or IVF?
A: The pain experienced during HSG is usually mild and short-lived, whereas IVF may involve more discomfort and longer recovery time due to its more invasive nature. However, pain is subjective, and individual experiences may vary.