Foods To Eat & Avoid After IVF Embryo Transfer

by | Apr 25, 2023 | IVF

What is IVF?

IVF, or In Vitro Fertilization, is a widely recognized assisted reproductive technology (ART) that helps couples experiencing fertility issues achieve their dream of parenthood. So, what does it mean? In vitro, meaning “in glass,” refers to the fact that fertilization occurs outside the body, in a lab. It’s a complex yet remarkable procedure that has brought joy to millions of families worldwide.

What is the IVF Procedure?

  1. Ovarian Stimulation: The woman takes fertility medications to stimulate the development of multiple eggs in her ovaries.
  2. Egg Retrieval: Once the eggs mature, they’re retrieved through a minor surgical procedure called follicular aspiration.
  3. Sperm Collection: On the day of egg retrieval, the male partner provides a sperm sample.
  4. Fertilization: The eggs and sperm are combined in the lab, allowing fertilization to occur. Sometimes, a technique called ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) is used to inject a single sperm directly into an egg.
  5. Embryo Development: The fertilized eggs (now embryos) are monitored as they develop in the lab for 3-5 days.
  6. Embryo Transfer: Transfer of lab-developed embryo in a woman’s uterus to achieve pregnancy.


What is Embryo Transfer?

The Embryo transfer in IVF is the final step in the IVF process. It involves placing one or more healthy embryos into the woman’s uterus, with the hope that at least one will implant and lead to a successful pregnancy. The procedure is typically painless and performed under ultrasound guidance.

Here’s a thought: Have you ever planted a seed in your garden, hoping for it to grow into a beautiful flower? That’s similar to what happens during embryo transfer. The embryo is like a tiny seed, and the uterus is the fertile soil where it can grow and flourish.

Importance of Diet After IVF:

Now that you understand the IVF process, let’s discuss why maintaining a healthy diet after embryo transfer is crucial.

  1. Nutritious Diet Supports Embryo Transfer: The period following embryo transfer is critical for the success of IVF. A balanced diet rich in essential nutrients can help create an optimal environment for embryo implantation and growth. Think of it like providing the right kind of “fertilizer” for your growing “seed.”
  2. Promotes Overall Health and Well-being: IVF can be an emotionally and physically demanding journey. Eating well can help boost your energy levels, support your immune system, and enhance your overall health. When your body is in the best possible condition, it can better support a developing pregnancy.
  3. Reducing Inflammation and Oxidative Stress: Research suggests that certain foods can help reduce inflammation and oxidative stress in the body, factors that can negatively impact fertility. Consuming a diet rich in antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and other anti-inflammatory nutrients may improve your chances of IVF success.
  4. Building a Connection with Your Baby: Eating healthily during the IVF journey can help you establish a strong bond with your future baby, even before pregnancy is confirmed. Knowing that you’re doing everything you can to nourish and care for your little one from the very beginning can bring a sense of accomplishment and pride.


Foods To Eat After IVF Embryo Transfer:

Whole Grains: The Base of a Healthy Diet

  • Whole grains are an excellent source of complex carbohydrates, fiber, and essential nutrients that support a healthy pregnancy.
  • Brown Rice: As one of the most versatile and nutrient-dense whole grains, brown rice can be easily incorporated into your meals. It contains vitamins, minerals, and fiber, which help maintain stable blood sugar levels and support digestion.
  • Quinoa: Quinoa is a powerhouse of nutrients, boasting high levels of protein, fiber, and essential minerals. As a complete protein, quinoa provides all nine essential amino acids necessary for a healthy pregnancy.
  • Whole Grain Bread: Opt for whole grain bread instead of white bread to ensure you’re consuming a more nutrient-dense option. Whole grain bread is a great source of fiber and B vitamins, crucial for fetal development.

Lean Proteins: Building Blocks for Your Baby’s Growth

Lean proteins are essential for the growth and development of your baby’s tissues, organs, and muscles.

  • Chicken: Choose lean cuts of chicken, such as the breast, which provide an excellent source of protein without the extra fat. Chicken is also rich in B vitamins, iron, and zinc, all necessary for a healthy pregnancy.
  • Fish: Fish, particularly those high in omega-3 fatty acids like salmon, can support brain development and reduce inflammation. Just be sure to avoid high-mercury fish like swordfish and king mackerel.
  • Tofu: Tofu is an excellent plant-based protein source that also contains calcium, iron, and other vital nutrients. Incorporating tofu into your diet is an excellent option, especially for vegetarians and vegans.

Dairy Products: Calcium and Protein Boost

Dairy products provide a wealth of essential nutrients, including calcium, protein, and vitamin D.

  • Greek Yogurt: Greek yogurt is a protein-rich, creamy snack that can also provide probiotics to support a healthy gut. Pair it with fruit or nuts for added flavor and nutrition.
  • Skim Milk: Choose skim milk for a lower-fat option that still provides essential nutrients like calcium and vitamin D.
  • Cottage Cheese: Cottage cheese (paneer) is another great source of calcium and protein. It can be enjoyed as a snack or added to dishes for a creamy, nutritious boost.

Fruits and Vegetables: Vitamins and Antioxidants Galore

A colorful array of fruits and vegetables can provide an abundance of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants essential for a healthy pregnancy.

  • Leafy Greens: Packed with folate, iron, and calcium, leafy greens like spinach and kale are crucial for your baby’s development and your overall health.
  • Berries: Antioxidant-rich berries, such as blueberries and strawberries, can help reduce inflammation and support a healthy immune system.
  • Avocado: High in healthy fats, fiber, and potassium, avocados are a delicious and nutritious addition to your post-embryo transfer diet.

Healthy Fats: Essential for Brain and Heart Health

Incorporate healthy fats into your diet to support brain development and heart health.

  • Olive Oil: Rich in monounsaturated fats and antioxidants, olive oil is a heart-healthy choice for cooking and salad dressings.
  • Nuts and Seeds: Nuts and seeds are excellent sources of healthy fats, protein, and essential minerals. Snack on almonds, walnuts, or chia seeds for a nutrient-dense treat.
  • Salmon: Salmon is not only a lean protein but also an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, which support brain health and reduce inflammation. Aim to include salmon in your diet at least twice a week.

Hydration: The Key to Overall Health

Staying hydrated is vital for overall health, particularly during the IVF journey.

  • Water: Aim to drink at least eight cups of water a day to stay properly hydrated and support your body’s various functions.
  • Herbal Teas: Herbal teas can provide a warm, soothing alternative to water. Opt for caffeine-free options, like chamomile or peppermint, to help you relax and stay hydrated.
  • Natural Fruit Juices: Choose 100% natural fruit juices for a refreshing, nutrient-rich beverage. Just be mindful of the sugar content and consume in moderation.

Nourishing your body with nutrient-dense foods and staying hydrated after embryo transfer can play a crucial role in the success of your IVF journey. By adopting a balanced, healthy diet, you’ll be providing your growing baby with the best possible foundation for a thriving pregnancy and a lifetime of health. Remember to consult with your healthcare professional for personalized dietary advice tailored to your unique needs.


Foods To Avoid After IVF Embryo Transfer:

Processed Foods: The Hidden Dangers

Processed foods are often high in unhealthy fats, sodium, and additives, which can negatively affect your overall health and the success of your embryo transfer.

  • Fast Food: Fast food is typically high in unhealthy fats, sodium, and sugar, which can lead to inflammation and weight gain. Opt for home-cooked meals to ensure you’re consuming nutrient-dense options.
  • Packaged Snacks: Packaged snacks, such as chips and cookies, are often filled with artificial ingredients, unhealthy fats, and excess sugar. Reach for whole, unprocessed snacks like fruits, nuts, and yogurt instead.
  • Canned Meals: Canned meals are often high in sodium and preservatives. Whenever possible, choose fresh, whole ingredients to prepare your meals.

High Sugar Content: The Sweet Enemy

Excessive sugar consumption can lead to weight gain, inflammation, and insulin resistance, which can hinder your chances of a successful pregnancy.

  • Sodas: Sodas are a significant source of empty calories and added sugars. Swap out these sugary beverages for water, herbal teas, or natural fruit juices.
  • Candy: Candy offers little nutritional value and can cause blood sugar spikes. Satisfy your sweet tooth with fruit or a small piece of dark chocolate instead.
  • Sugary Cereals: Many breakfast cereals are usually loaded with added sugars. Choose whole-grain, low-sugar options or opt for oatmeal with fruit for a healthier breakfast.

Excessive Caffeine: The Jittery Culprit

While moderate caffeine intake is generally considered safe, excessive consumption may negatively impact fertility and pregnancy outcomes.

  • Coffee: Limit your coffee intake to one cup per day or switch to a lower-caffeine alternative like green tea.
  • Black Tea: Black tea can also be high in caffeine. Consider replacing it with herbal teas or decaffeinated options.
  • Energy Drinks: Energy drinks often contain excessive caffeine and added sugars. Avoid these beverages and opt for healthier alternatives to stay hydrated and energized.

Alcohol: A Risky Indulgence

Alcohol consumption can negatively impact fertility and pregnancy outcomes. It’s best to avoid alcohol altogether during your IVF journey to maximize your chances of success.

Raw or Undercooked Foods: A Potential Threat

Consuming raw or undercooked foods can increase the risk of foodborne illnesses, which can be harmful to both you and your developing embryo.

  • Raw Eggs: Avoid raw eggs and foods containing them, such as homemade mayonnaise and raw cookie dough, to minimize the risk of salmonella infection.
  • Sushi: Raw fish, often found in sushi, can contain harmful bacteria and parasites. Opt for cooked fish or vegetable-based sushi options instead.
  • Raw Meats: Undercooked meats can harbor harmful bacteria like E. coli and listeria. Ensure all meat is cooked to a safe temperature before consumption.


The Importance of Balanced Meals After IVF Embryo Transfer:

Combining Food Groups for Optimal Nutrition

A balanced meal should incorporate various food groups, ensuring that you receive all the essential nutrients your body needs to thrive during the IVF process.

  • Protein: Include high-quality protein sources like lean meats, fish, and plant-based options such as beans and tofu. Protein is crucial for the growth and development of your baby’s tissues, organs, and muscles.
  • Carbohydrates: Opt for whole grains, fruits, and vegetables to provide the energy and nutrients necessary for a healthy pregnancy. These complex carbohydrates are rich in fiber and help maintain stable blood sugar levels.
  • Fats: Incorporate healthy fats, like those found in avocados, nuts, and seeds, into your diet. These fats support brain development and promote heart health.

Ensuring Adequate Nutrient Intake for Embryo Development

A balanced diet is essential to provide the necessary nutrients for the development of a healthy embryo. Focus on consuming foods rich in essential vitamins and minerals, such as folic acid, iron, and calcium. Don’t hesitate to consult with a healthcare professional or nutritionist for personalized advice tailored to your unique needs.

Supporting Overall Health and Well-being

A balanced diet is just one aspect of maintaining a healthy lifestyle during the IVF process. Consider these additional lifestyle factors to help ensure the success of your embryo transfer and promote overall well-being.

Additional Lifestyle Factors After IVF Embryo Transfer

In addition to a balanced diet, adopting healthy lifestyle habits can significantly impact your IVF journey’s success and your general well-being.

  • Regular Exercise: Physical activity can help manage stress, maintain a healthy weight, and promote overall health. Aim for at least 30-45 minutes of moderate exercise most days of the week, such as walking, swimming, or yoga. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider before starting a new exercise routine, as they may have specific recommendations based on your individual needs.
  • Stress Management Techniques: IVF can be a stressful experience, and managing stress is essential for both your mental and physical health. Consider incorporating stress-reduction techniques, such as mindfulness meditation, deep breathing exercises, or engaging in activities you enjoy, like hobbies or spending time with loved ones.
  • Adequate Sleep and Rest; Getting enough sleep is vital for maintaining optimal health during the IVF process. Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night to support your body’s natural healing processes and ensure you feel refreshed and energized.

 Also Read: IVF Embryo Transfer: Procedure, Risk & Cost

What Vegetables to Eat After Embryo Transfer?

Incorporating a variety of vegetables in your diet is essential to ensure you get all the vital nutrients your body needs during this crucial period. Here are some vegetables to consider adding to your meals after embryo transfer:

  1. Leafy greens: Spinach, kale, and collard greens are rich in folic acid, iron, and calcium, which are essential for a healthy pregnancy.
  2. Cruciferous vegetables: Broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts provide essential vitamins and minerals, as well as fiber to support digestion.
  3. Sweet potatoes: Packed with beta-carotene and vitamin C, sweet potatoes are a nutritious and versatile addition to your post-embryo transfer meals.


Can I Eat Potato and Rice After Embryo Transfer?

Yes, you can include potatoes and rice in your diet after embryo transfer. However, it’s crucial to focus on whole, unprocessed foods and choose whole grains and starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes and brown rice over their refined counterparts, such as white potatoes and white rice. Whole grains are a great source of complex carbohydrates, fiber, and essential nutrients that support a healthy pregnancy.


What to Eat After Embryo Transfer in India

Indian cuisine offers a wealth of healthy and delicious options to include in your post-embryo transfer diet. Consider these nourishing options:

  1. Whole grains: Opt for whole grain rice, quinoa, or millets for a nutrient-dense carbohydrate source.
  2. Protein: Incorporate lean proteins like chicken, and fish, or plant-based options like lentils, chickpeas, and tofu.
  3. Vegetables: Emphasize a variety of colorful vegetables, such as spinach, okra, and cauliflower, in your meals.
  4. Dairy: Consume dairy products like yogurt or paneer for added calcium and protein.

 Also Read: Positive Signs After Embryo Transfer

Can I Eat Warm Foods After the Embryo Transfer?

Traditional Chinese Medicine suggests that consuming warm foods after embryo transfer can help create a more favorable environment for the developing embryo. Some examples of warm foods include:

  1. Soups and stews: Opt for vegetable or chicken-based broths packed with nutrients and easy to digest.
  2. Warm beverages: Herbal teas, such as ginger or chamomile, can provide warmth and comfort during this period.


Can I Eat Salty Food After Embryo Transfer?

It’s essential to maintain a balance in your diet, and while it’s okay to consume some salty foods, be cautious not to overindulge. Excess salt can lead to water retention and elevated blood pressure, which can be harmful during pregnancy. Opt for natural sources of sodium like olives, pickles, or seaweed, and avoid processed, high-sodium foods.


Can I Eat Dry Fruits After Embryo Transfer?

Dry fruits, like almonds, walnuts, and dates, are nutrient-dense and can be a healthy addition to your post-embryo transfer diet. They provide essential fats, vitamins, and minerals to support your body during this critical phase.


Can I Eat Chicken After Embryo Transfer?

Yes, chicken is a lean protein source that can be included in your diet after embryo transfer. It provides essential amino acids and other nutrients, such as iron and vitamin B12, which are crucial for a healthy pregnancy. Opt for grilled, baked, or steamed chicken, and avoid deep-fried or processed options to keep your meals as nutritious as possible.

Also Read: Symptoms of Body Changes After Embryo Transfer 


While focusing on nutrient-rich foods is essential after embryo transfer, it’s equally important to avoid certain items that may hinder your chances of a successful pregnancy. By steering clear of these harmful choices, you’ll be one step closer to providing a healthy environment for your growing baby. Remember to consult with your healthcare professional for personalized dietary advice tailored to your unique needs.



Q: Can I drink milk after embryo transfer?

A: Yes, you can drink milk after embryo transfer. Milk is a good source of calcium and protein, which can be beneficial for the developing embryo.

Q: Is banana good after embryo transfer?

A: Yes, bananas are a good source of potassium, which can help maintain electrolyte balance and reduce muscle cramps, which can be helpful after embryo transfer.

Q: Which fruit juice is good after embryo transfer?

A: There is no specific fruit juice that is recommended after embryo transfer, but it is generally a good idea to drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. You can choose any fruit juice that you enjoy and that is high in nutrients.

Q: Can I eat Maggi after embryo transfer?

A: It is best to avoid processed foods like Maggi after embryo transfer as they are high in sodium and may not provide the necessary nutrients needed for implantation and development of the embryo.

Q: Is coconut water good for implantation?

A: Coconut water is a good source of electrolytes and may help with hydration, but there is no evidence to suggest that it specifically helps with implantation.

Q: Can I eat chapati after embryo transfer?

A: Yes, you can eat chapati after embryo transfer as it is a good source of complex carbohydrates and can provide energy to the body. It is important to maintain a healthy and balanced diet during the post-transfer period.

Q: Can we use Indian toilet after embryo transfer?

A: It is generally recommended to avoid using Indian toilet after embryo transfer as it may increase the pressure on the pelvic region. It is best to use a western-style toilet to reduce the risk of any complications.

Q: Is paneer good after embryo transfer?

A: Paneer, which is a type of Indian cottage cheese, is a good source of protein and can be beneficial after embryo transfer. However, it is important to consume it in moderation as it is also high in fat.

Q: Is Apple good after embryo transfer?

A: Apples are a good source of fiber and antioxidants, and can be a healthy snack option after embryo transfer.

Q: What to avoid after IVF transfer?

A: It is generally recommended to avoid alcohol, caffeine, smoking, and any strenuous exercise after IVF transfer. It is also important to follow a healthy and balanced diet.

Q: Can I bend after embryo transfer?

A: It is best to avoid bending, lifting heavy objects, or any strenuous activity after embryo transfer to reduce the risk of any complications. Rest is generally recommended for the first few days after the procedure.

Q: Which dry fruits are good for IVF?

A: Dry fruits like almonds, walnuts, and dates are good sources of nutrients like protein, fiber, and vitamins and can be beneficial for IVF.

Q: What foods for two week wait?

A: During the two-week wait after embryo transfer, it is important to follow a healthy and balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. Avoid processed foods, alcohol, and caffeine.

Q: How do I keep my uterus warm after IVF?

A: You can keep your uterus warm after IVF by using a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower abdomen, taking warm baths, and staying in a warm and comfortable environment.

Q: Can I drink hot water after embryo transfer?

A: It is generally safe to drink warm or hot water after embryo transfer, but it is important to avoid anything too hot that may cause discomfort or raise your body temperature too much. Room temperature or slightly warm water is generally recommended.

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    Dr Mona Dahiya

    Dr Mona Dahiya

    IVF Specialist & Consultant

    Dr Mona Dahiya has performed over 5,000+ IVF cycles and is considered a global expert in IVF, ICSI, IUI and male fertility treatment. She is an eminent writer on Infertility Treatment and has over 100 Publications in both International and National Journals. Dr Mona Dahiya has immensely contributed to the field of infertility through her Research and articles.

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