What Is IVF Process/Procedure & How Does IVF Works?

by | Feb 9, 2023 | IVF

What is In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process that can help couples who are struggling to conceive a child. This process involves retrieving eggs from the ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm in a laboratory. Once the fertilized eggs (embryos) are developed, they are then transferred back into the uterus for implantation and pregnancy.

How Does IVF Works?

In-vitro fertilization, commonly known as IVF, is an assisted reproductive technology that has been helping couples overcome infertility since 1978. The IVF process involves removing eggs from a woman’s ovaries, fertilizing them with sperm in a laboratory, and then transferring the resulting embryos back into the uterus for pregnancy. IVF is one of the most effective treatments for infertility and has helped many couples achieve their dream of starting a family.

IVF is a multi-step process that begins with the stimulation of the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. Once the eggs are mature, they are retrieved and combined with sperm in the laboratory. The resulting embryos are then cultured in the laboratory for several days before they are transferred back into the uterus. If implantation and pregnancy occur, the pregnancy will continue like a normal pregnancy.

Who is An Ideal IVF candidate?

Is IVF Painful? No, it is a suitable option for couples who are struggling to conceive a child due to infertility. It can be used to treat a variety of infertility problems, including problems with ovulation, fallopian tubes, sperm, and the uterus. IVF may also be an option for couples who have undergone surgical treatments for infertility or who have been diagnosed with unexplained infertility.

What Is IVF Process/Procedure?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) has become a popular option for many couples struggling with infertility. But for those who are unfamiliar with the process, it can seem overwhelming and confusing. This article will provide a step-by-step guide to the IVF process so that you have a clear understanding of what to expect.

  1. Consultation and Diagnostic Testing
  2. Stimulating Ovarian Follicle Growth
  3. Egg Retrieval
  4. Fertilization
  5. Embryo Development
  6. Embryo Transfer
  7. Pregnancy Testing

 

IVF Process | IVF PROCEDURE

IVF Process | IVF PROCEDURE

 

Explaining IVF Process/Procedure Further:

Step 1: Consultation and Diagnostic Testing

The first step in the IVF process is a consultation with a fertility specialist. During this appointment, your doctor will evaluate your medical history, perform a physical exam, and order any necessary diagnostic tests. These tests will help determine the cause of your infertility and the best course of treatment.

Step 2: Stimulating Ovarian Follicle Growth

Once your diagnosis has been made, the next step is to stimulate the growth of your ovarian follicles. This is typically done with a combination of medications, including gonadotropins and GnRH agonists. These medications help to increase the number of follicles in your ovaries, which will increase the chances of success during the IVF cycle.

Step 3: Egg Retrieval

After several days of medication, your doctor will perform an egg retrieval procedure. This is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed under conscious sedation. During the procedure, your doctor will use an ultrasound-guided needle to retrieve eggs from your ovaries.

Step 4: Fertilization

Once the eggs have been retrieved, they will be fertilized with sperm in the lab. Various Methods can be used for insemination like ICSI.ICSI is a more advanced method that involves injecting a single sperm directly into each egg.

Step 5: Embryo Development

The fertilized eggs will then be placed in an incubator, where they will continue to develop into embryos. During this time, your doctor will monitor the embryos for signs of healthy growth and development. The Time Taken for Embryo Development can go up to 5 Days.

Step 6: Embryo Transfer

Once the embryos have reached a certain stage of development, your doctor will perform an embryo transfer. During this procedure, one or two embryos will be placed into your uterus. You will then be asked to rest for several days, as your body adjusts to the new embryos.

Step 7: Pregnancy Testing

Approximately two weeks after the embryo transfer, you will have a pregnancy test. If the test is positive, congratulations! You are now pregnant. If the test is negative, your doctor may recommend another IVF cycle or a different treatment option.

What Should I Expect During the IVF Process?

The IVF process typically takes several weeks to complete. During the first few weeks, you will undergo hormonal stimulation to produce multiple eggs. Once the eggs are mature, they will be retrieved in a minor surgical procedure. The eggs will then be combined with sperm in the laboratory, and the resulting embryos will be cultured for several days before they are transferred back into the uterus

After the embryo transfer, you will need to rest for several days and then return to the clinic for a pregnancy test. If the test is positive, you will need to continue monitoring your pregnancy through regular check-ups with your doctor.

Also Read: IVF Treatment Procedure Step By Step

What Are the Risks Of IVF?

IVF Risk can be like navigating a minefield, with potential risks lurking at every turn.

  • Multiple pregnancies are a significant risk of IVF, which can result in complications for both the mother and babies.
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a potential risk of IVF, causing painful swelling of the ovaries.
  • Ectopic pregnancy, where the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, can also occur as a result of IVF, posing a danger to the mother.
  • IVF treatments can be costly and time-consuming, with no guarantee of success.
  • The emotional toll of IVF can be overwhelming, as couples face the possibility of disappointment and uncertainty.

 

What Are the Side Effects Of IVF?

IVF can be a bumpy ride, with potential side effects along the way.

  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a common side effect of IVF, causing painful swelling of the ovaries.
  • Other side effects of IVF may include cramping, bloating, and breast tenderness.
  • Mood swings and anxiety can also be a side effects of IVF, as couples navigate the emotional highs and lows of the treatment.
  • In some cases, IVF can lead to the development of ovarian cysts.
  • While rare, there is a slight risk of infection or bleeding associated with the egg retrieval process.

Also Read: IVF Process in Hindi

What are IVF Success Rates?

The success rates of IVF vary depending on several factors, including the woman’s age, the cause of infertility, and the number of embryos transferred. On average, the success rate of IVF is around 40 per cent per cycle. However, this can vary greatly depending on the individual case and the fertility clinic. The IVF Success Rate of Little Angel IVF is 80%.

What Is the Success Rate of IVF By Age?

The success rate of IVF can vary greatly depending on a woman’s age and other factors.

  • Generally, the success rate of IVF is highest for women under the age of 35, with a success rate of around 40-50% per cycle.
  • For women between the ages of 35-37, the success rate drops to around 35-40% per cycle.
  • For women between the ages of 38-40, the success rate drops further to around 25-30% per cycle.
  • Women over the age of 40 have a lower success rate of around 10-15% per cycle, with many clinics recommending alternative fertility treatments.

Other factors that can impact the success rate of IVF include the quality of the eggs and sperm, any underlying health conditions, and the type of IVF procedure used.

Age Range Success Rate per Cycle
Under 35 40-50%
35-37 35-40%
38-40 25-30%
Over 40 10-15%

Factors that Affect IVF Success Rate:

There are several factors that can affect the success of IVF, including:

  • Age: A woman’s age is one of the most important factors affecting the success of IVF. Women in their 20s and early 30s have a higher success rate compared to women over 35.
  • Ovarian Reserve: The number and quality of a woman’s eggs can affect the success of IVF. Women with a lower ovarian reserve may have a lower success rate.
  • Fertility Issues: Certain fertility issues, such as endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can affect the success of IVF.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Lifestyle factors, such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, can also affect the success of IVF.
  • Embryo Quality: The quality of the embryos produced during IVF can also affect the success of the procedure.

How Much Does IVF Cost in India?

The cost of IVF in India can vary greatly depending on a number of factors. Generally, the cost of a single cycle of IVF in India can range from Rs. 1,30,000 to Rs. 2,50,000. Factors that can impact the cost of IVF in India include the reputation of the clinic, the experience of the doctors, the type of IVF procedure used, and the medications required.

Additional costs may also include pre-IVF testing, consultations, and any necessary fertility treatments.

Conclusion:

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a highly effective treatment for infertility that has helped many couples achieve their dream of starting a family. While there are risks and side effects associated with IVF treatment benefits often outweigh the risks. If you are struggling to conceive a child, talk to your doctor about whether IVF is right for you.

Also Read: IVF Kya Hai | IVF Process Step by Step in Hindi

FAQs:

Q: Are IVF pregnancies high risk?

A: IVF pregnancies may have a slightly higher risk of certain complications, such as preterm birth and low birth weight. However, with proper monitoring and care, most IVF pregnancies are successful and result in healthy babies.

Q: How much does IVF cost?

A: The cost of IVF can vary widely depending on factors such as location, clinic, and individual treatment plan. In general, IVF can cost anywhere from several thousand to tens of thousands of dollars.

Q: How long is the IVF process takes from beginning to the end?

A: The IVF process typically takes several weeks to a few months from beginning to end, depending on the specific treatment plan. This can include ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization, embryo transfer, and follow-up monitoring.

Q: What can you expect after IVF treatment?

A: After IVF treatment, you may experience some mild cramping or bloating. You will also need to rest for a day or two after the embryo transfer. Your doctor will monitor your progress through blood tests and ultrasounds to determine if the treatment was successful.

Q: How do IVF injections work?

A: IVF injections work by stimulating the ovaries to produce multiple eggs for retrieval. The injections contain hormones that mimic the natural hormones produced by the body, and are typically given daily for several weeks.

Q: What medications are used for IVF?

A: Various medications are used for IVF, including hormones to stimulate egg production, medications to prevent premature ovulation, and medications to prepare the uterus for embryo implantation.

Q: What is assisted hatching in IVF?

A: Assisted hatching is a technique used in some IVF procedures to help the embryo implant more easily into the uterus. It involves creating a small hole in the outer shell of the embryo before it is transferred to the uterus.

Q: How long does it take to get pregnant after IVF?

A: It typically takes about two weeks after the embryo transfer to know if the IVF procedure was successful and you are pregnant. Your doctor will monitor your hormone levels through blood tests to confirm the pregnancy.

Q: How soon after a failed IVF procedure can you try again?

A: Depending on your individual situation and the reason for the failed IVF procedure, you may be able to try again as soon as the next menstrual cycle. Your doctor can advise you on the appropriate timing for a subsequent IVF cycle.

Q: Can you select the gender during IVF?

A: In some countries, it is legal to choose the gender of a baby through IVF for medical reasons. However, gender selection for non-medical reasons is not allowed in most countries.

Q: What to do to increase my chances of pregnancy with IVF?

A: To increase your chances of pregnancy with IVF, you can follow a healthy diet and exercise regimen, avoid alcohol and tobacco, and work closely with your doctor to develop a personalized treatment plan.

Q: What is the IVF process step by step?

A: The IVF process typically involves several steps, including ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization, embryo culture, and embryo transfer. Your doctor will develop a customized treatment plan based on your individual needs and medical history.

Q: What is IVF and how is it done?

A: IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is a type of assisted reproductive technology used to help couples conceive. It involves fertilizing an egg outside the body and then transferring the resulting embryo to the uterus. IVF is typically done in several stages, including ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization, embryo culture, and embryo transfer.

Q: How long does IVF take to get pregnant?

A: The length of time it takes to get pregnant with IVF can vary widely depending on individual factors. Some couples may achieve a successful pregnancy after only one cycle of IVF, while others may require multiple cycles or may not be successful at all.

Q: What are the 3 types of IVF?

A: The three main types of IVF are conventional IVF, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), and Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET). Conventional IVF involves fertilizing the eggs and sperm together in a petri dish, while ICSI involves injecting a single sperm directly into an egg. FET involves freezing embryos for later use.

Q: Is IVF painful process?

A: IVF can be uncomfortable at times, particularly during the egg retrieval process. However, most patients do not experience significant pain during the procedure, and medications are available to help manage any discomfort.

Q: How much does IVF cost?

A: The cost of IVF can vary widely depending on factors such as location, clinic, and individual treatment plan. In general, IVF can cost anywhere from several thousand to tens of thousands of dollars.

Q: Is IVF babies are normal?

A: IVF babies are typically just as healthy and normal as babies conceived naturally. However, there may be a slightly increased risk of certain complications, such as preterm birth and low birth weight.

Q: Is IVF a natural pregnancy?

A: IVF is not a natural pregnancy, as it involves fertilizing an egg outside of the body and transferring the resulting embryo to the uterus. However, the resulting pregnancy is still a natural pregnancy once the embryo has been implanted in the uterus.

Q: Are you pregnant after IVF?

A: Pregnancy after IVF is possible if the embryo successfully implants in the uterus. Your doctor will monitor your progress through blood tests and ultrasounds to confirm the pregnancy.

Q: How much does IVF cost India?

A: The cost of IVF in India can vary widely depending on factors such as location, clinic, and individual treatment plan. In general, IVF can cost anywhere from several thousand to tens of thousands of Indian Rupees.

Q: Whose sperm is used in IVF?

A: In most cases, the sperm used in IVF comes from the male partner of the couple. However, donor sperm can also be used in certain cases.

Q: Can you choose gender with IVF?

A: In some countries, it is legal to choose the gender of a baby through IVF for medical reasons. However, gender selection for non-medical reasons is not allowed in most countries.

Q: Do IVF babies have 3 parents?

A: No, IVF babies do not have three parents. While the process may involve using sperm and/or eggs from a donor, the resulting baby still only has two genetic parents.

Q: What are the side effects of IVF?

A: Some common side effects of IVF include bloating, mood swings, headaches, hot flashes, and abdominal pain. More serious side effects, such as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and ectopic pregnancy, are less common but can occur.

Q: How do I prepare myself for IVF?

A: Preparing your body for IVF involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. You may be advised to stop smoking, reduce alcohol intake, and make dietary changes. Medications may be prescribed to regulate your menstrual cycle and stimulate egg production.

Q: How does IVF get you pregnant?

A: IVF involves retrieving eggs from the ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm in a laboratory. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the uterus, where they may implant and result in a pregnancy.

Q: How is sperm collected for IVF?

A: Sperm can be collected for IVF through ejaculation into a sterile cup, or through a surgical procedure called testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in cases where sperm is not present in the semen.

Q: Are IVF babies normal?

A: Yes, IVF babies are generally considered to be as healthy and normal as babies conceived naturally. However, there may be a slightly higher risk of certain birth defects and developmental disorders in IVF babies.

Q: What are the disadvantages of IVF?

A: Some disadvantages of IVF include the physical and emotional stress of the procedure, the risk of side effects and complications, the high cost, and the possibility of multiple pregnancies.

Q: How many injections are in IVF?

A: The number of injections required for IVF varies depending on the individual’s treatment plan, but it typically involves a series of daily injections over the course of several weeks.

Q: Where is IVF injection given?

A: IVF injections are typically given in the abdomen or upper thigh.

Q: Do you feel pregnant after IVF?

A: Some women may experience early pregnancy symptoms after IVF, but others may not feel any different until after a positive pregnancy test.

Q: Can you choose gender with IVF?

A: Gender selection is possible with IVF through a process called preimplantation genetic testing (PGT), but it is generally only allowed for medical reasons or in certain countries with specific laws.

Q: What age is IVF most successful?

A: IVF success rates tend to decline as a woman gets older, with the highest success rates typically seen in women under 35.

Q: How much is one round of IVF?

A: The cost of one round of IVF varies widely depending on factors such as location, clinic, and specific treatment plan, but it can range from several thousand to tens of thousands of dollars.

Q: What is the lowest IVF cost in India?

A: The cost of IVF in India varies widely depending on location and clinic, but it may be possible to find clinics offering IVF for as low as $2,000-3,000 per cycle.

Q: Is IVF legal in India?

A: Yes, IVF is legal in India and is a popular destination for medical tourism due to its relatively low cost compared to other countries.

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    Dr Mona Dahiya

    Dr Mona Dahiya

    IVF Specialist & Consultant

    Dr Mona Dahiya has performed over 5,000+ IVF cycles and is considered a global expert in IVF, ICSI, IUI and male fertility treatment. She is an eminent writer on Infertility Treatment and has over 100 Publications in both International and National Journals. Dr Mona Dahiya has immensely contributed to the field of infertility through her Research and articles.

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